This manuscript described the primary outcomes from a CBT-based intervention designed to address headache attributable to mild TBI and comorbid PTSD in Veterans. We found that the CBT headache intervention produced headache outcomes that were superior to medical management in VA polytrauma and PTSD outcomes comparable to Cognitive Processing Therapy.

The third paper in the three-part series on addressing racism in pain research, the authors advocate for a shared commitment toward an antiracism framework in pain research. They identify community partnerships, diversification of research environments, and changes to dissemination practices.

This second paper in a 3-part series on antiracism in pain research across the translational spectrum focuses on study design factors.

Part one of these three-part series on addressing racism in pain research offers historical and theoretical background, as well as proposed shifts in language and practices in pain research frameworks, to promote the incorporation of antiracism research practices.

Veterans and Caregivers are invited to submit abstracts for poster presentations that highlight research projects, Veteran Engagement Groups (VEGs), or other research-related activities. Posters sessions provide an opportunity meet researchers, other Veterans, and Caregivers from all over the United States. Accepted posters will be displayed during a poster session.

The NSCAP assesses the frequency, targeted outcome (e.g., “to manage pain”), perceived effectiveness, and setting of these approaches.

Acknowledging the challenges and nuances of crafting stand-out study proposals that address implementation, the Proctor, et al., recommend important elements for research scientists to include in their grant applications. The authors identify 10 key ingredients that make an application stronger and convey the significance and impact of the proposed study to reviewers.

What are ways that investigators can plan for study design changes as data accumulates? The authors present Learn-As-you-GO (LAGO) for an adaptive method to apply in stages during a study, and compare against other adaptive designs for trials such as Sequential Multiple Assignment Randomized Trial (SMART) design and Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST). Methods are illustrated through the Better Birth Study.

The authors examine how hybrid study designs can address the gaps in the translation of health care research to health care practice and health care promotion. The study proposed three approaches and assessed their potential for further consideration in speeding the transition and translation from research studies to health care practices and education.

Randomized Controlled Trials (RTC) have been the go-to for clinical studies; however, the long delays from research to dissemination to health care practice bring about considerations for implementations in study design. The authors conclude that expanding ‘traditional RCTs through collaborative stakeholder contributions and stakeholder/consumer-informed implementation approaches is critical to improve adoption post project.”