External Resources

Recently, a multidisciplinary group of leading experts in pain updated the definition of “pain” on behalf of the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP). Particularly relevant is the acknowledgement that pain is a personal, subjective and multidimensional experience that can be shaped by a range of biological, psychological and social factors.

This 2020 review aims to help inform the selection of appropriate therapies by examining the long-term effectiveness of noninvasive, nonpharmacological approaches for improving functionality and the experience of chronic pain.

This 47-page eBook provides an overview of complementary health approaches for pain, including acupuncture, massage therapy, meditation, spinal manipulation, yoga, and more.

The SPACE Randomized Clinical Trial, led by Erin Krebs, MD, MS, showed that opioids do not result in better pain-related function or reduced pain intensity when compared to non-opioids. (VA photo by April Eilers)

More than two dozen Yale professors, doctors, and students have published a series of groundbreaking articles on the opioid crisis in the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics.

Participants in the SOTA conference identified nine non-pharmacological therapies with sufficient evidence to be implemented across the VHA system as part of pain care.

Chronic pain is more common in Veterans than in the non-veteran U.S. population, more often severe and in the context of comorbidities. The comprehensive OSI strategy includes education of providers and expanded access to non-pharmacological treatment options.

Treatments such as mindfulness meditation, biofeedback, and hypnosis, among others, have been determined to have at least promising evidence of effectiveness for pain management. (Photo: Joseph Eddins)

For some nonpharmacological approaches for chronic pain management there is emerging evidence of their effectiveness in relatively large scale trials. (photo: Sgt Justin Boling)

The US Dept. of Health & Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has issued a report on noninvasive nonpharmacological treatments for selected chronic pain conditions.