Supporting Research in Pain Management for Veterans and Military Service Members
Supporting Research in Pain Management for Veterans and Military Service Members

PMC Publications Listings (Year-by-Year)

The following publications are products of research done within the NIH-DOD-VA Pain Management Collaboratory:


  1. Ali J, Antonelli M, Bastian L, et al. Optimizing the impact of pragmatic clinical trials for veteran and military populations: Lessons from the pain management collaboratory. Mil Med 2022;187(7-8):179-85 doi: 10.1093/milmed/usab458.
  2. Ali J, Davis AF, Burgess DJ, et al. Justice and equity in pragmatic clinical trials: Considerations for pain research within integrated health systems. Learn Health Syst 2022;6(2):e10291 doi: 10.1002/lrh2.10291.
  3. Anicich A, Katsovich L, Kerns RD. Engaging veterans and military service members to optimize pragmatic clinical trials of nonpharmacological approaches for pain management. Pain Med 2022;23(7):1201-04 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnac020.
  4. Der-Martirosian C, Shin M, Upham ML, Douglas JH, Zeliadt SB, Taylor SL. Telehealth complementary and integrative health therapies during COVID-19 at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Telemed J E Health 2022 doi: 10.1089/tmj.2022.0209. 
  5. Heapy A, et al. Program to increase veterans’ access to non-drug therapy for pain receives approval for expansion. Secondary Program to increase veterans’ access to non-drug therapy for pain receives approval for expansion  2022. 
  6. Humphreys K, Shover CL, Andrews CM, et al. Responding to the opioid crisis in North America and beyond: recommendations of the Stanford-Lancet Commission. Lancet 2022;399(10324):555-604 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)02252-2. 
  7. Kanzler KE, McGeary DD, McGeary C, et al. Conducting a pragmatic trial in integrated primary care: key decision points and considerations. J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2022;29(1):185-94 doi: 10.1007/s10880-021-09790-4. 
  8. Keefe FJ, Jensen MP, Williams ACC, George SZ. The yin and yang of pragmatic clinical trials of behavioral interventions for chronic pain: balancing design features to maximize impact. Pain 2022;163(7):1215-19 doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000002546. 
  9. Kerns RD, Burgess DJ, Coleman BC, et al. Self-management of chronic pain: psychologically guided core competencies for providers. Pain Med 2022;23(11):1815-19 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnac083. 
  10. Lazar CM, Rosen MI, Sellinger J, et al. Counseling veterans with chronic pain during the COVID-19 pandemic: a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Pain Med 2022;23(8):1434-41 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnab349. 
  11. Mattocks KM, LaChappelle KM, Krein SL, et al. Pre-implementation formative evaluation of cooperative pain education and self-management expanding treatment for real-world access: A pragmatic pain trial. Pain Pract 2022 doi: 10.1111/papr.13195. 
  12. Rhon DI, Fritz JM, Kerns RD, et al. TIDieR-telehealth: precision in reporting of telehealth interventions used in clinical trials – unique considerations for the Template for the Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist. BMC Med Res Methodol 2022;22(1):161 doi: 10.1186/s12874-022-01640-7.
  13. Seal KH, Bertenthal D, Carey E, Grunfeld C, Bikle DD, Lu CM. Association of vitamin D status and COVID-19-related hospitalization and mortality. J Gen Intern Med 2022;37(4):853-61 doi: 10.1007/s11606-021-07170-0. 
  14. Sellinger JJ, Martino S, Lazar C, et al. The acceptability and feasibility of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for pain management among new England veterans with chronic pain: A pilot study. Pain Pract 2022;22(1):28-38 doi: 10.1111/papr.13023. 
  15. Tong G, Seal KH, Becker WC, et al. Impact of complex, partially nested clustering in a three-arm individually randomized group treatment trial: A case study with the wHOPE trial. Clin Trials 2022;19(1):3-13 doi: 10.1177/17407745211051288. 


  1. Bhavsar NA, Doerfler SM, Giczewska A, et al. Prevalence and predictors of no-shows to physical therapy for musculoskeletal conditions. PLoS One 2021;16(5):e0251336 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0251336.
  2. Coleman BC, Goulet JL, Higgins DM, et al. ICD-10 coding of musculoskeletal conditions in the Veterans Health Administration. Pain Med 2021;22(11):2597-603 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnab161.
  3. Coleman BC, Purcell N, Geda M, et al. Assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pragmatic clinical trial participants. Contemp Clin Trials 2021;111:106619 doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106619.
  4. Fritz JM, Davis AF, Burgess DJ, et al. Pivoting to virtual delivery for managing chronic pain with nonpharmacological treatments: implications for pragmatic research. Pain 2021;162(6):1591-96 doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000002139. 
  5. Garcia AN, Cook CE, Rhon DI. Adherence to stepped care for management of musculoskeletal knee pain leads to lower health care utilization, costs, and recurrence. Am J Med 2021;134(3):351-60 e1 doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2020.08.006. 
  6. George SZ, Lentz TA, Goertz CM. Back and neck pain: in support of routine delivery of non-pharmacologic treatments as a way to improve individual and population health. Transl Res 2021;234:129-40 doi: 10.1016/j.trsl.2021.04.006. 
  7. Halloran SM, Coleman BC, Kawecki T, Long CR, Goertz C, Lisi AJ. Characteristics and practice patterns of U.S. Veterans Health Administration doctors of chiropractic: a cross-sectional survey. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021;44(7):535-45 doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2021.12.005. 
  8. Ilfeld BM, Plunkett A, Vijjeswarapu AM, et al. Percutaneous neuromodulation of the brachial plexus and sciatic nerve for the treatment of acute pain following surgery: secondary outcomes from a multicenter, randomized, controlled pilot study. Neuromodulation 2021 doi: 10.1111/ner.13492. 
  9. Ilfeld BM, Plunkett A, Vijjeswarapu AM, et al. Percutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation (neuromodulation) for postoperative pain: a randomized, sham-controlled pilot study. Anesthesiology 2021;135(1):95-110 doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000003776. 
  10. Karmali RN, Skinner AC, Trogdon JG, Weinberger M, George SZ, Hassmiller Lich K. The association between the supply of select nonpharmacologic providers for pain and use of nonpharmacologic pain management services and initial opioid prescribing patterns for Medicare beneficiaries with persistent musculoskeletal pain. Health Serv Res 2021;56(2):275-88 doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13561. 
  11. Rhon DI, Fritz JM, Greenlee TA, et al. Move to health-a holistic approach to the management of chronic low back pain: an intervention and implementation protocol developed for a pragmatic clinical trial. J Transl Med 2021;19(1):357 doi: 10.1186/s12967-021-03013-y. 
  12. Roytman GR, Coleman BC, Corcoran KL, Goertz CM, Long CR, Lisi AJ. Changes in the use of telehealth and face-to-face chiropractic care in the Department of Veterans Affairs before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021;44(7):584-90 doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2021.12.002. 
  13. Scarton DV, Roddy WT, Taylor JA, et al. Development and implementation of the Military Treatment Facility Engagement Committee (MTFEC) to support pragmatic clinical trials in the military health system. Mil Med 2021;186(Suppl 1):70-75 doi: 10.1093/milmed/usaa368. 


  1. Bastian LA, Cohen SP, Katsovich L, et al. Stakeholder engagement in pragmatic clinical trials: emphasizing relationships to improve pain management delivery and outcomes. Pain Med 2020;21(Suppl 2):S13-S20 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa333.
  2. Coleman BC, Kean J, Brandt CA, Peduzzi P, Kerns RD. Adapting to disruption of research during the COVID-19 pandemic while testing nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. Transl Behav Med 2020;10(4):827-34 doi: 10.1093/tbm/ibaa074.
  3. Garland EL, Brintz CE, Hanley AW, et al. Mind-body therapies for opioid-treated pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med 2020;180(1):91-105 doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.4917. 
  4. Geda M, George SZ, Burgess DJ, et al. Strategy for addressing research-site overlap in pragmatic clinical trials: lessons learned from the NIH-DOD-VA Pain Management Collaboratory (PMC). Trials 2020;21(1):1021 doi: 10.1186/s13063-020-04941-8. 
  5. Karmali RN, Skinner AC, Trogdon JG, Weinberger M, George SZ, Hassmiller Lich K. The association between the supply of nonpharmacologic providers, use of nonpharmacologic pain treatments, and high-risk opioid prescription patterns among medicare beneficiaries with persistent musculoskeletal pain. Med Care 2020;58(5):433-44 doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001299. 
  6. Lentz TA, Rhon DI, George SZ. Predicting opioid use, increased health care utilization and high costs for musculoskeletal pain: what factors mediate pain intensity and disability? J Pain 2020;21(1-2):135-45 doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2019.06.004. 
  7. Long CR, Lisi AJ, Vining RD, et al. Veteran response to dosage in chiropractic therapy (VERDICT): study protocol of a pragmatic randomized trial for chronic low back pain. Pain Med 2020;21(Suppl 2):S37-S44 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa289. 
  8. Mattocks K, Rosen MI, Sellinger J, et al. Pain care in the Department of Veterans Affairs: understanding how a cultural shift in pain care impacts provider decisions and collaboration. Pain Med 2020;21(5):970-77 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnz341. 
  9. Purcell N, Becker WC, Zamora KA, et al. Tailored to fit: how an implementation framework can support pragmatic pain care trial adaptation for diverse Veterans Affairs clinical settings. Med Care 2020;58 Suppl 2 9S(Suppl 2 9 Suppl):S80-S87 doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001376. 
  10. Rhon DI, Lentz TA, George SZ. Utility of catastrophizing, body symptom diagram score and history of opioid use to predict future health care utilization after a primary care visit for musculoskeletal pain. Fam Pract 2020;37(1):81-90 doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmz046. 
  11. Zeliadt SB, Coggeshall S, Gelman H, et al. Assessing the relative effectiveness of combining self-care with practitioner-delivered complementary and integrative health therapies to improve pain in a pragmatic trial. Pain Med 2020;21(Suppl 2):S100-S09 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnaa349. 
  12. Zeliadt SB, Coggeshall S, Thomas E, Gelman H, Taylor SL. The APPROACH trial: assessing pain, patient-reported outcomes, and complementary and integrative health. Clin Trials 2020;17(4):351-59 doi: 10.1177/1740774520928399.


  1. DiMarco LA, Ramger BC, Howell GP, et al. Differences in characteristics and downstream drug use among opioid-naive and prior opioid users with low back pain. Pain Pract 2019;19(2):149-57 doi: 10.1111/papr.12728. 
  2. Katzan IL, Thompson NR, George SZ, Passek S, Frost F, Stilphen M. The use of STarT back screening tool to predict functional disability outcomes in patients receiving physical therapy for low back pain. Spine J 2019;19(4):645-54 doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.10.002. 
  3. Kerns RD, Brandt CA, Peduzzi P. NIH-DoD-VA Pain Management Collaboratory. Pain Med 2019;20(12):2336-45 doi: 10.1093/pm/pnz186. 
  4. Moshfegh J, George SZ, Sun E. Risk and risk factors for chronic opioid use among opioid-naive patients with newly diagnosed musculoskeletal pain in the neck, shoulder, knee, or low back. Ann Intern Med 2019;170(7):504-05 doi: 10.7326/M18-2261. 
  5. Vining RD, Minkalis AL, Shannon ZK, Twist EJ. Development of an evidence-based practical diagnostic checklist and corresponding clinical exam for low back pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019;42(9):665-76 doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.08.003.
  6. Vining RD, Shannon ZK, Minkalis AL, Twist EJ. Current evidence for diagnosis of common conditions causing low back pain: systematic review and standardized terminology recommendations. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019;42(9):651-64 doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.08.002. 
  7. Vining RD, Shannon ZK, Salsbury SA, Corber L, Minkalis AL, Goertz CM. Development of a clinical decision aid for chiropractic management of common conditions causing low back pain in veterans: results of a consensus process. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2019;42(9):677-93 doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2019.03.009. 
  8. Winger JG, Plumb Vilardaga JC, Keefe FJ. Indices of pain variability: a paradigm shift. Pain 2019;160(11):2411-12 doi: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001627. 


  1. Abbasi J. Robert Kerns, PhD: Researching nondrug approaches to pain management. JAMA 2018;319(15):1535-37 doi: 10.1001/jama.2018.0247.
  2. Sun E, Moshfegh J, Rishel CA, Cook CE, Goode AP, George SZ. Association of early physical therapy with long-term opioid use among opioid-naive patients with musculoskeletal pain. JAMA Netw Open 2018;1(8):e185909 doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.5909.